Under this process two or more materials are mixed to get a product. Less capital is spent on machinery. Intermittent type of industries is those, which manufacture different component or different machines. This chart helps in determining hidden efficiencies in the processes and may suggest rearrangement of layout.
This is one of the most important factors influencing the choice of type of plant layout. In case of mass production of standardized goods, line layout is most suitable form of plant layout.
The need for plant operability and maintainability. Fixed capital costs as building and construction costs vary from region to region. By reducing the manufacturing to simple steps we can often use less skilled labor.
The idea is to maximize the utilization of space.
There are five basic modes of physical transportation, air, road, rail, water and pipeline. But if any building is to be constructed, proper care should be given to construct it according to the layout plan drawn by experts. Machines should be used to their optimum levels of speed, feed and depth of cut.
The layout should be such that there is effective and efficient flow of production processes to avoid mix up and cross contamination.
If your company engages in large scale production, definitely you will need a layout which will house the raw materials, machinery, finished products etc.
Heaxagonal or triangle method Six trees are planted from a hexagon with the seventh tree planted at the center.
This factor becomes very important if the materials are perishable and cost of transportation is very high. Shelf life of the product is low. Product layout suitable for continuous flow production with few items of production: The machines should not be installed so closely that it may create the problems of their maintenance and repairs.
It makes repairs and maintenance easy. The topology and size of the site influences the choice of a particular layout. The product layout is advantageous as under: Luxury hotelswill have a much different layout than hotels built to beeconomical.
The nature of the product to be manufactured has a significant influence on plant layout. All manufacturing activities require access to a community infrastructure, most notably economic overhead capital, such as roads, railways, port facilities, power lines and service facilities and social overhead capital like schools, universities and hospitals.
What factors affect plant growth? Basic managerial policies and decisions: It is an improvement over the template method. Instead of making one single product as in case of job production a batch or group of products is produced at one time, It should be remembered here that one batch of products has no resemblance with the next batch.
Factory building The shape, size and nature of the proposed factory building also influence the design of your plant layout. Employees needs and safety While designing a layout, the safety of employees should be put into consideration. The need to provide emergency escape routes for on-site personnel.
In case of job orders, production of non-standardized products are undertaken, and therefore functional or process outlet is suitable. Prospective community is to be studied.
Characteristics of the building: Ship building is an appropriate example of this kind. There should be sufficient space for free movement of workers. Nearness to the market ensures a consistent supply of goods to customers and reduces the cost of transportation.
Location of the proposed company The size, shape and topology of the site greatly influence the layout design of your plant.Definition of Plant Layout Plant Layout is the physical arrangement of equipment and facilities within a Plant.
The Plant Layout can be indicated on a floor plan showing the distances between different features of the plant. The following are some important factors, which influence the planning of effective layout to a significant degree. 1. Nature of the product: The nature of the product to be manufactured will significantly affect the layout of the plant.
general factors to be considered in a layout design Flow of materials The flow of materials is very important in any layout, and it becomes all the more important when it is and assembly line. Whenever the layout is being designed it should be designed in such a way that the flow of materials is not being hindered.5/5(4).
Top 10 Factors influencing design of plant layout The following factors should be considered While designing the layout. 1. Nature of the product: The nature of the product to be manufactured has a significant influence on plant layout. Factors Influencing Plant Layout: These are: 1.
Type of Industry: Industries are generally classified according to their processes of manufacture. The process of manufacture can be classified into four categories: (a) Synthetic Process: When two or more materials are mixed to get a product, the process is known as synthetic process. ADVERTISEMENTS: The eight factors affecting plant layout are as follows: 1.
Man Factor 2. Material Factor 3. Machinery Factor 4. Movement Factor 5. Waiting Factor 6. Service Factor 7. Building Factor 8. Flexibility Factor.Download