The natural law theory was developed by St Thomas Aquinas. He worked through the 12th century bringing different ideas from different cultures together. Among the weaknesses, there are several strengths to natural law. Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.
Another aspect to consider in Natural Moral Law is the distinguishing differences between interior acts and exterior acts.
It also emphasizes the fulfillment of our natures, all the things we require for happiness — health, friends, the purpose of our existence and morality. Aristotle, Plato, and Cicero; however Aquinas borrowed the ideas that these ancient philosophers introduced and developed them more fully into the theory that it is today as well as incorporating it into Christian theology.
God gave Humans the power to reason, however Aquinas argues that he did this only to encourage us to operate in accordance with the primary precepts and to accomplish these purposes. The natural order is determined by a supernatural power-most commonly referred to as God.
For example if a person commits adultery he or she believes that it is goodalthough this is an error of reason they have apparently done the right thing according to them.
They believe that Christian faith could be shown to be not just a matter of blind faith, but reasonable and logical, fit for intelligent people.
He said that our reason could be a guide to our virtues and if we follow our reason, others would not suffer, or would suffer less. Furthermore Natural law concentrates on the character of humans and there potential for goodness rather than the right or wrong decisions on certain acts, it attempts to bring the best out of a situation, it proves to allow some degree of flexibility.
This belief is that no one actually seeks evil, we all seek good but instead of real good we sometimes settle on apparent good which seems to be real but is actually resting on a mistake. Universal, unchanging and constant — these are all qualities which clearly show that it is an absolute theory.
Aquinas believed that there was no such thing as evil as we are all made in the image of God, therefore it is logical for Aquinas to say humans do not carry out evil but apparent goods.
It does give a concise, clear-cut approach to morality and establishing common rules which day to day topics can be related to. I find hard to believe that acts such as rape an apparent good, surely one who carries out such an action knows that this is wrong; some people may want to be perceived as evil for unknown reasons.
Online Plagiarism Checker Explain what is meant by a natural law approach to ethics - Sample Essay Natural law is an absolutist theory.
It has a fairly positive approach by mainly concentrating on the potential goodness than the wrong.Sarah and Briony Explain Natural Moral Law with reference to Aristotle and Aquinas (30).
Natural Moral Law is an absolute law as it sets the same rules for all. Natural moral law contains ethical theories which express that there is a natural order to our world that should be followed. A quote from Cicero, De Republica elaborates on the idea that natural law ethics is a universal and a prescriptive ethical theory, “The law will not lay down one rule in.
a) Explain what is meant by Natural in the Natural Law Tradition. The Natural Law Tradition generally believes that reason can discover an eternal, absolute moral law by examining human nature.
We know certain things because we accept that there are certain rules, which are part of the universe and we work out answers with our reason, and find. Explain what is meant by a natural law approach to ethics - Sample Essay Natural law is an absolutist theory.
According to said theory there are easily definable moral absolutes; both right and wrong discovered through reason and observations. Natural Law Essay.
Print Reference this. Published: 23rd Aquinas fails to explain 'just how the specific moral rules which we need to guide out conduct can be shown to be connected with allegedly self-evident principles'. "a feature of most of the judicial references to "natural law" or "natural rights" under the Constitution is that.
(a) Explain the strengths of Natural Law Theory. [25marks] Natural Law theory is a deontological, absolute theory. A deontological theory is a theory that focuses more on the value of the action rather than the consequence of that action/5(1).Download