So, as long as they can select officers and are not robbed of their wealth, they are happier working their farms than they would be in public office. In addition, where the popular sort among the citizens greatly exceed the notables in number, it is advantageous to either no provide pay for all but only for as many as will balance the multitude of notables, or exclude the excess by lot from participating b: One of the biggest issues Aristotle faces is the problem of expertise.
Rowe and Malcolm Schofield eds. Democracies also undergo revolution wherever offices are chosen by election b: If government became necessary, an equal interchange would arise. Mara, and Henry S. Kraut, Richard, and Steven Skultety eds. In oligarchies, two sorts of factional conflicts arise, on against each other and the other against the people.
The worst kind of democracy is made up of shopkeepers, mechanics, and laborers since they are all crowded around the city center and are very active in politics b: Second, is what can be gained or lost in forming a faction.
Whether it be the few or the many in power, the goal is to please the majority and give everyone an opportunity to participate in politics at varying levels. Power lies in the court and its laws— never in the individual—and when these laws are good they are supreme in the state.
Chicago University Press, The last form is vulnerable to becoming a dynasty a: In some cases, the rich are exiled but later return, defeat the people in battle, and form an oligarchy. One is an equal interchange between ruling and being ruled by all freeborn citizens.
The defining principle of a good mixture of a democracy and oligarchy is a polity in which each of the extremes is revealed in it and is held to be both and neither b: Oxford University Press,pp. In a democratic regime, public offices are chosen by lot and not on a basis of assessment.
This would in effect be an extreme form of democracy, or demagoguery, which would undermine the very principles it was created to serve.
When it comes to the areas of health or geometry, for example, those who function best are those trained as physicians and geometricians. For Aristotle, laws that emphasize equality and reward for excellence help the democratic state toward bettering the common interest and therefore are good laws.
In a democracy where the people have authority over the law, it is advantageous in deliberating and assemblies to arrange a fine for nonattendance of those they want to have adjudicate to ensure that they do adjudicate, while the popular sort pay for the poor.
State University of New York Press, It is also advantageous for those who deliberate to be chosen by election or b lot in equal numbers from the parts of the city.
In a oligarchy, the rich are fined for not participating in the assembly, public office, law courts, army, and athletics. Foundational Thinkers and Business Ethics, Chicago: Also of interest is the Constitution of Athens, an account of the history and workings of the Athenian democracy.
Like democracies, oligarchies also thrive when ruled in moderation. Reprinted in David Keyt, Nature and Justice: Politics is abbreviated as Pol.
This allows a way for the people to share in deliberating but will not be able to overturn anything connected to the regime.
Hamburger, Max, Morals and Law: Nevertheless, democracy is not without its problems. Fourth, public office is hereditary and those in power rule, not the law.
History has confirmed this idea in that the American democracy has acted in a less evil fashion than most, if not all historical dictatorships.
In addition to the three elements of civic government, there are eight different kinds of courts. Aristotle issues a reminder that the best democratic policy is not the most extreme but rather the one that will ensure the survival of the democracy.
Cornell University Press, Here, at the end of his argument in this section, Aristotle makes clear the unity of equality and virtue: In democracies, factional conflict only arise between the poor majority and the few rich.
Different political make ups call for different laws and constitutions that will best fit the well off, the middle class, and the poor.
As a result of not being plotted against or plotting against others they remain free from factionalism b: University of California Press, Aristotle was a pupil of the famous philosopher Plato.
During his lifetime ( BC) he learned and taught Socratic philosophy which was taught to him. The second tier is Oligarchy and Aristocracy. We will write a custom essay sample on Plato – democracy specifically for you for only $ $/page.
Order now. Aristotle: Democracy and Oligarchy Paper instructions: Write a well developed argument, with a specific claim that you want the reader to understand, to believe, or to do, regarding the nature, advantages and/ or weaknesses of democracy.
Oligarchy Essay Oligarchy is a system of government in which power lies in the hands of a few individuals or a single class. The term oligarkhia comes from. Essay Editing Services; Literature Essays; College Application Essays; Textbook Answers; Writing Help; The two main types of regimes that exist are democracy and oligarchy, since people consider aristocracy to be a sort of oligarchy and "so-called" polity to be a type of democracy.
Aristotle recognizes that the best regime really only.
For Aristotle, democracy is not the best form of government. As is also true of oligarchy and monarchy, rule in a democracy is for and by the people named in the government type.
In a democracy, rule is by and for the needy. In contrast, rule of law or aristocracy (literally, power [rule] of the. Free Essay: In Aristotle's Politics, he focuses much on the regimes of an oligarchy and of a democracy. Democracies exists when the free and poor, being a.Download