But others thrive on the hysteria as well: Shouts are heard offstage as Corey defends his wife, another accused witch. Focused on maintaining public reputation, the townsfolk of Salem must fear that the sins of their friends and associates will taint their names.
Various characters base their actions on the desire to protect their respective reputations. In conclusion, Miller used many effective tactics to create a compelling allegory of his struggles against McCarthyism in the novel, The Crucible.
Because of the theocratic nature of the society, moral laws and state laws are one and the same: In the play, Abigail and several other young women accuse innocent citizens of Salem for the action of witchcraft. By refusing to relinquish his name, he redeems himself for his earlier failure and dies with integrity.
Miller demonstrates how the Crucible represents an allegory for his conflict with McCarthyism by relating his experiences with the plot of the novel. Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work.
Thinking of his three children and of his wife, he chooses to sign a confession; however, he immediately regrets his decision and refuses to give up the paper. One neighbor is John Proctor, who appears while the adults are offstage praying, and after Abigail and her girlfriends have discussed what to reveal about Tituba, who indeed performed voodoo rites.
Puritanism and Individuality Puritan society required that its members follow strict guidelines of social order. When her girlfriends leave, Abigail attempts to seduce Proctor, who refuses and threatens her with the whip. As each case is heard, the girls scream and faint to indicate whether the accused is afflicting them.
Sensing the impact of this, Danforth summons Elizabeth and asks her why she dismissed Abigail; she lies to protect her husband, thereby sabotaging his defense.
Miller uses the technique of connecting the two experiences together by incorporating the approaches in which the court took to obtain valuable information. While many of those found guilty of witchcraft avoid hanging by confessing a connection to the devil, 19 others are hanged.
They mock her every word until she breaks down and accuses Proctor of having worked with the Devil to extort a false recantation.
Reverend Parris strengthens his position within the village, albeit temporarily, by making scapegoats of people like Proctor who question his authority. Hence, it should take you no longer than three to four hours to read it in its entirety.
He snatches the confession and tears it apart, ready to die rather than to give false testimony publicly. He relates the actions of the court to the way in which the court treated him. Afraid of Abigail, Elizabeth implores Proctor to testify at the witch trials in Salem that he heard her earlier claims that the dancing was not connected to witchcraft—claims the girl had indeed made before discovering a better way to save her hide.
She accuses him of being aligned with the devil and afflicting her. This often caused for false accusations against innocent citizens.
But communities that focus primarily on social order leave no room for personal freedom. The town of Salem falls into mass hysteria, a condition in which community-wide fear overwhelms logic and individual thought and ends up justifying its own existence.
During the trials, many individuals were unfairly persecuted; such as John Proctor. Integrity is the way you perceive yourself.
These divisions were incorporated into this Enote and do not appear in the actual play. Arthur Miller uses several writing methods in order to convey The Crucible as an allegory for his struggles with McCarthyism.
Because of the gravity of the accusations witchcraft is punishable by hanginga court is set up to determine the guilt or innocence of those accused. Parris, Abigail, and others to protect their reputations. The Crucible argues that those most….
Arthur Miller is able to develop an allegory from the play to his experience with several strategies. On the day that John Proctor and Rebecca Nurse, another innocent victim with high standing in Salem, are to hang, many attempts are made to coerce them to confess and save their lives.
Miller relates this technique to his experience with the court in which they attempted to make him feel protected, if he would reveal his knowledge. In rigid communities like Salem, a bad reputation can result in social or even physical punishment. Knowing that the punishment for their behavior will be severe, the girls claim that they were possessed by the spirits of members of the community who are trying to initiate them into witchcraft.
Proctor knows that he has sinned in the past and feels unworthy to die now as a saint or martyr.When Arthur Miller published The Crucible in the early s, he simply outdid the historians at their own game" (22). This lesson plan's goal is to examine the ways in which Miller interpreted the facts of the witch trials and successfully dramatized them.
In the Salem of the 17th century, what makes someone a good person is first of all Christianity and the attendance at the Church. Judgement by society depends on the social standards and conventions that create an ideal citizen to which everyone tries to resemble as much as possible.
The Crucible was written inby Arthur Miller, a famous American playwright. The play is about the Salem witch trials. The play is about the Salem witch trials. Morgan, Edmund S. “Arthur Miller’s The Crucible and the Salem Witch Trials: A Historian’s View,” in The Golden and the Brazen World: Papers in Literature and History,Nathan, George Jean.
The Crucible is a play by Arthur Miller. The Crucible study guide contains a biography of Arthur Miller, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. The novel, The Crucible was written in by Arthur Miller, which was based on the Salem Witch Trials existing in the late s.
In the play, Abigail and several other young women accuse innocent citizens of Salem for the action of witchcraft.Download